RULES AND REGULATIONS
GOVERNING ELECTION CAMPAIGN AND PROPAGANDA
IN CONNECTION WITH THE SYNCHRONIZED
BARANGAY AND SANGGUNIANG KABATAAN ELECTIONS
ON OCTOBER 29, 2007
Promulgation: 08 October 2007
Pursuant to the powers vested in it by the Constitution, the Omnibus Election Code, Republic Act No. 9006, Republic Act No. 9164 and other election laws, the Commission on Elections has RESOLVED to promulgate, as it hereby promulgates, the following rules and regulations governing election campaign and propaganda in connection with the Synchronized Barangay and Sangguniang Kabataan Elections on October 29, 2007.
SECTION 1. Campaign period. - The campaign period for the October 29, 2007 elections shall be October 19, 2007 to October 27, 2007.
SEC. 2. What constitutes "election campaign" or "partisan political activity." - The term "election campaign" or "partisan political activity" refers to an act designed to promote the election or defeat of a particular candidate or candidates to a public office. It shall include:
- Forming organizations, associations, clubs, committees, or other groups of persons for the purpose of soliciting votes and/or undertaking any campaign for or against a candidate;
- Holding political caucuses, conferences, meetings, rallies, parades, or other similar assemblies for the purpose of soliciting votes and/or undertaking any campaign or propaganda for or against a candidate;
- Making speeches, announcements, or commentaries or holding interviews for or against the election of any candidate for public office;
- Publishing or distributing campaign literature or materials designed to support or oppose the election of any candidate; or
- Directly or indirectly soliciting votes, pledges or support for or against a candidate.
SECTION 3. Lawful election propaganda. - Only the following campaign propaganda shall be allowed:
- Handwritten or printed letters not exceeding 8 ½ inches in width and 14 inches in length; and
- Posters of a size not exceeding 2 feet by 3 feet.
SECTION 4. Common Poster Area. - The Election Officer shall, not later than October 12, 2007, designate in each barangay not more than ten (10) common poster areas wherein candidates may place, display or exhibit their campaign posters. �The common poster area shall be erected in a public place such as plazas, markets, barangay centers and the like, at the expense of the candidates availing of the poster area. �The common poster area shall not exceed twelve (12) by sixteen (16) feet or its equivalent.
Candidates shall be allowed to post only one (1) poster in every common poster area.
The Election Officer shall, not later than October 18, 2007, submit to the Law Department a list of designated common poster areas.
SECTION 5. Transportation, foods and drinks. - It is illegal for any person to give or accept, free of charge, directly or indirectly, transportation, food or drinks or things of value during the five (5) hours before and after a barangay assembly meeting or other authorized public forum, on the day preceding the election and on election day; or to give or contribute, directly or indirectly, money or things of value for such purpose.
SECTION 6. Prohibited raising of funds. - It is illegal for any person to hold dances, lotteries, cockfights, games, boxing, bingo, beauty contests, entertainments, or cinematographic, theatrical or other performances for the purpose of raising funds for an election campaign or for the support of any candidate from the commencement of the election period up to and including election day, or for any person or organization, whether civic or religious, directly or indirectly to solicit and/or accept from any candidate or from his campaign manager, agent or representative, or from any person acting in his behalf, any gift, food, transportation, contribution, or donation in cash or in kind during the same period. �Normal and customary religious stipends, tithes, or collections on Sunday and/or other designated collection days are excluded from this prohibition.
SECTION 6. Prohibited donations by candidates or their agents. - No candidate, his or her spouse or any relative within the second civil degree of consanguinity or affinity, or his campaign manager, agent or representative, shall, from the start of the campaign period up to election day, directly or indirectly, make any donation, contribution, gift in cash or in kind, or undertake or contribute to the construction or repair of roads, bridges, schoolhouses, puericulture centers, medical clinics and hospitals, churches or chapels, cement pavements, or any structure for public use or for the use of any religious or civic organization. Periodic payments for legitimate scholarships established, and school contributions habitually made, before the prohibited period are excluded from the prohibition.
SECTION 7. Limitation upon expenses of candidates. - No candidate shall spend for his election campaign an aggregate amount exceeding Three Pesos (P3.00) for every registered voter in the barangay where he seeks to be elected.
SECTION 8. Statement of contributions and expenditures. - Every candidate shall, within ten (10) days after the election, file, in duplicate, with the Office of the Election Officer where he filed his certificate of candidacy a full, true and itemized statement of all contributions and expenditures in connection with the election.
Within five (5) days from the date of the election, the Election Officer shall advise in writing personally or by registered mail all candidates who filed their certificates of candidacy with his office to comply with the above requirement.
Within five (5) days after the last day for the filing of statements, the Election Officer shall transmit to the ERSD, COMELEC, Manila, duplicate copies of all the statements filed with his office.
No person elected to any public office shall enter upon the duties of his office until he has filed the statement of contributions and expenditures herein required.
SECTION 9. Forms and contents of statement. - The Statement of Contributions and Expenditures shall be in writing, supported by receipts and other documents, subscribed and sworn to by the candidate, and shall set forth in detail the following:�
- The amount of every contribution, the date of receipt and the full name and exact address of the person from whom the contribution was received;
- The amount of every expenditure, the date thereof, the full name and exact address of the person to who each payment was made and the purpose of the expenditures; and
- Any unpaid obligation, its nature and amount and to whom said obligation is owing.
If the candidate received no contribution, made no expenditure, or has no pending obligation, such fact shall be reflected in the Statement.
SEC. 10. Preservation and inspection of statement. - All Statements of Contributions and Expenditures shall be kept and preserved at the office where they are filed and shall constitute part of the public records for three (3) years after election. They shall not be removed thereat except upon order of the Commission or of a competent court and shall, during regular office hours, be open to inspection by the public. On written demand, certified copies of any statement may be furnished upon payment of the prescribed fees.
SEC. 11. Prohibition against intervention by political party, coalition of political parties, or any other organization. - No person who files a certificate of candidacy shall represent or allow himself to be represented as a candidate of any political party or any other organization; and no political party, political group, political committee, civic, religious, professional, or other organization or organized group of whatever nature shall intervene in his nomination or in the filing of his certificate of candidacy or give aid or support, directly or indirectly, material of otherwise, favorable to or against his campaign for election: Provided, That this provision shall not apply to the members of the family of the candidate within the fourth civil degree of consanguinity or affinity nor to the personal campaign staff of the candidate in his barangay; Provided, however, That without prejudice to any liability that may be incurred, no permit to hold a public meeting shall be denied on the ground that the provisions of this paragraph may or will be violated.
Nothing in this Section, however, shall be construed as in any manner affecting or constituting an impairment of the freedom of individuals to support or oppose a candidate for any barangay office.
Violation of this Section by any political party, group, or coalition of political parties shall be a ground for the cancellation of its registration with the Commission.
SEC. 12. Barangay assembly. - During the campaign period, the punong barangay or any kagawad who is not a candidate, or any resident of the barangay of known probity designated by the Election Officer, shall upon prior notice of at least (2) days, convene the barangay assembly at least one to allow all the candidates for Barangay and Sangguniang Kabataan to explain to the barangay voters their qualifications, programs of administration and other information that may enlighten the voters their candidates. The members of the barangay assembly may discuss other matters relative to the election of Barangay and Sangguniang Kabataan officials.
The order in which the candidate shall speak shall determined by raffle under the supervision of the barangay official or registered voter who called the meeting. Each candidate shall be allotted equal time.
SEC. 13. Public forum. - During the campaign period, non-political, non-partisan private or civic organizations may hold in any barangay a public forum at which forum all candidates for barangay and sangguniang kabataan offices shall be invited in writing to present their platforms or programs of government and other relevant issues. The invitations shall specify the date, time and place of the public forum.
The order in which the candidates shall speak shall be determined by raffle. �Each candidate shall be allowed equal time.
The sponsoring organization shall furnish the Election Officer concerned with a copy of the schedule of the forum.
SEC. 14. Effectivity. - This resolution shall take effect on the seventh day after its publication in two (2) daily newspaper of general circulation in the Philippines.
SEC. 15. Dissemination. - The Education and Information Department shall cause the publication of this resolution in two (2) daily newspaper of general circulation and furnish copies thereof to all field offices of the Commission.